One of the main departures in thinking between Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler was their conceptualization of the nature of our behavior. Freud talks about drives, as in the well-known term “sex drive,” to name but one. Drive theory describes the motivations for behavior as being the result of our innate primal and instinctive drives.
Adler, however, holds that humans are not out of control, they are not pushed into behaviors in an unwilling manner, but rather that we choose (preconsciously) behaviors that will move us closer towards our goals. It is a future orientation that we seek, not a aversion.
This confuses parents and is a lot of psychobabble to the uninterested. But here is an easy way you might understand this fundamental difference:
My dog sits besides her food bowl and barks. Why? What is her motivation for this behavior?
Does she bark because she is “driven” instinctively by hunger? Or, is a better understanding that she has learned to bark in order to reach the goal of having me come and deliver the food? What do you think? Are you Freudian or Adlerian?